Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem is not recognised internationally and, according to the 1993 Israel-Palestinian peace accords, the final status of Jerusalem is meant to be discussed in the latter stages of peace talks.
President Donald Trump's national security adviser believes that relocating the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem will "make it easier" to arrive at an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement.
The embassy is being relocated from Tel Aviv after President Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, a move that overturned decades of USA foreign policy. He promised to move the American Embassy to Israel and he is doing so.
In 2016, Jerusalem was home to nearly 883,000 people, 62 percent of them Jews and non-Arabs and 38 percent Palestinians.
For Israelis, Sunday was Jerusalem Day, an annual celebration of the "reunification" of the city following the 1967 Six-Day War.
Dame Tessa Jowell was 'brave' and 'inspirational'
He added: "Through her focus on Early Years provision, Tessa did more than most to improve lives and promote social justice". She went on to stand in the 1978 by-election and 1979 general in Ilford North, but lost both times to the Conservatives.
Liberman chose to close the Kerem Shalom crossing on the Gaza Strip from Sunday until further notice after protesters set various locations on its Palestinian side on fire during Friday's protests, Jerusalem Post reported.
Palestinians consider the eastern part of the city as their capital.
In Jordan, dozens of Palestinians waving flags and chanting slogans joined "nakba" protests in an area near the Israeli-controlled frontier between the West Bank and the kingdom.
"There continues to be real anger among Palestinians" over Trump's decision, the CBC's Derek Stoffel said from Jerusalem. That's because both Israel and Palestinians claim Jerusalem as their capital - which is why many countries have their embassies in Tel Aviv.
They take place at a time of growing frustration over the prospects for an independent Palestinian state. It later annexed east Jerusalem in a move never recognised by the worldwide community.
Over the years, a few countries set up embassies in Jerusalem and then left it again.
Kicking off the festivities, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is hosting a reception on Sunday at the Foreign Affairs ministry for some 800 invitees, including 40 ambassadors.
The protest came just three days ahead of what the leader of Gaza's ruling Hamas group has said will be a march by tens of thousands who could burst through the border fence into Israel. "The United States has no greater partner than Israel", he said.