NASA will send small autonomous helicopter to Mars in 2020

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NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory has been working on the helicopter for over four years, but they were on the fence about actually sending it to Mars, but they have now made the decision to make it a part of the 2020 mission.

"NASA has a proud history of firsts", added Bridenstine.

Yet also if the helicopter can not fly, it will not impact the total goal of the Mars 2020 vagabond- the follower to NASA's Inquisitiveness vagabond which is now on the Red World's surface area.

For its trip to Mars, the helicopter will be packed on the underside of the rover.

The "Mars Helicopter" weighs less than 1.8kg and its blades rotate more than 10 times as fast as those on Earth.

The atmosphere of the Mars is one percent that of Earth "so when our helicopter is on the Martian surface, it's already at the Earth equivalent of 100,000ft (30,480m) up".

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But JPL has made sure that the Mars Helicopter has everything it needs to fearless the rough environment on the Red Planet. Now, it is certain that even if the helicopter fails to fly, it won't affect the mission of the Mars 2020 rover.

"To make it fly at that [altitude], we had to scrutinize everything, make it as light as possible while being as strong and as powerful as it can possibly be", she said.

The Mars 2020 rover mission is scheduled to launch in July 2020 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida and reach Mars in February 2021. Solar cells will charge the tiny drone during the day, and an internal heater will help it endure the cold Martian nights. After the rover lands, it will place the helicopter on the ground and move away. Controllers on the planet will control the helicopter to shoot its initial autonomous airport after its batteries have been charged and evaluations are all ran, NASA explained. "The Mars Helicopter holds much guarantee for our future scientific research, exploration, as well as expedition objectives to Mars".

If the mission proves successful, helicopters will be used in future missions to planets to access locations not reachable by ground travel.

The rover will conduct geological assessments of its landing site on Mars, determine the habitability of the environment, search for signs of ancient Martian life, and assess natural resources and hazards for future human explorers.

On the first test flight, NASA intends to have the helicopter climb 10 feet into the air and hover for 30 seconds. Mars is about 20 light minutes away from Earth.

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