"Russia convenes an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council to discuss aggressive actions of the USA and its allies", President Vladimir Putin said in a statement published on the Kremlin website.
"The situation is being analysed right now".
Meanwhile, the Defense Ministry in a statement said Russian military bases in Syria had not been affected by the joint strike.
The chairman of the worldwide affairs committee of Russia's upper house of parliament, Konstantin Kosachev, said the strikes were a violation of worldwide law and probably created to prevent investigators from the global chemical weapons watchdog from doing their work.
Overnight, US, British and French forces launched more than 100 missiles from ships and manned aircraft, targeting three of Syria's main chemical weapons facilities.
A day before a team from the global chemical weapons watchdog was to arrive in Douma, just east of Damascus, Russian Defence Ministry spokesman Major General Igor Konashenkov said that images of victims of the purported attack were staged with "Britain's direct involvement, " without providing evidence.
Russia's foreign ministry said Syria had been attacked just as it had a chance for peace.
The Russian military said its chemical experts visited Douma shortly after the alleged attack and found no trace of chemical agents in ground samples.
Crazy April weather, severe weather and snow
Tornado watches were issued Sunday morning for Flagler, Marion and Sumter counties and will remain in effect until 6 p.m. A band of thunderstorms is expected to develop ahead of this cold front and press into the region by Sunday evening.
"First the "Arab spring" tested the Syrian people, then Islamic State, now smart American rockets".
"Again, we are being threatened".
The Russian leader warned against "ill-considered and risky actions. that would have consequences beyond conjecture".
Late Friday night, the U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the U.S., United Kingdom and France jointly launched strikes targeting the Assad regime's chemical weapons capabilities after a suspected chemical attack killed dozens outside of Damascus.
Announcing the strikes, US President Donald Trump criticised both Russian Federation and Iran, which have backed Assad's government.
Ambassador Antonov said: "Insulting the President of Russian Federation is unacceptable and inadmissible".
Following the USA -led strikes, however, "we consider it possible to return to examination of this issue not only in regard to Syria but to other countries as well", Rudskoi said.