If India succeeds, it will be a huge achievement for space agency ISRO that has a budget nearly 20 times less than United States space agency NASA.
In another achievement for Indian space agency, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is all set launch Chandrayaan-1 in April this year.
The preparations and research have been underway since 2017 for the upcoming Chandrayaan-2 which will have an Orbiter, Lander, and a Rover to detect the lunar soil and other components of our satellite. Landings in thin atmosphere and low gravity of the moon are very tricky.
India, which has been making strides in space exploration, is going to land its rover Chandrayaan-2 on the Moon in April. The work does acknowledge that India helped discover water on the moon which was considered a parched environment till then. The information will be transmitted to Earth through the Chandrayaan-II orbiter. "Chandrayaan-2 will be a breakthrough mission not only for India but for the entire world", said Dr Singh, asserting that the mission "will make every Indian proud". The spacecraft carried the chemical, mineralogical and photo mapping of the Moon. If due to unsuitable weather, the mission's launch does not take place in April, it can be launched till October this year.
The orbiter had a life of one year while the lander and the rover were created to last a lunar day, which was 14 days, as they worked on solar power.
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Chandrayaan -2 Fact File The Chandrayaan-2 mission is said to be much more challenging than the first one.
India's Chandrayaan-1 mission was an orbiter where India was the captain and there were several global players like USA, Britain, Bulgaria and the European Space Agency.
A tiny Indian robotic vehicle - ferried on board Chandrayaan-2 - will roll over a desolate region on the lunar surface for 14 days later this year to carry out scientific experiments in order to understand the origin and evolution of the moon. "Chandrayaan-2 is a further extension of the project and it is as good as landing a man on the moon", Jitendra Singh, in-charge of the Department of Space told reporters here.
More than 100 scientists and engineers are working overtime to try and finish the mission on time.