By the time the next waiver signing rolls around in 120 days, Trump wants a new deal in place that removes "sunset clauses" allowing Iran to resume enhanced enrichment of fissile material within a decade, three senior administration officials said Friday.
President Trump's decision Friday to give Iran an extension to work out what he considered flaws in the Iran nuclear agreement was applauded by the largest organization of opponents to the Tehran regime.
The Treasury said Larijani was "responsible for ordering, controlling, or otherwise directing, the commission of serious human rights abuses against persons in Iran or Iranian citizens or residents".
"This could be one of Washington's big foreign policy mistakes, a big miscalculation in American policy", he said.
Iran has been abundantly clear that it will not renegotiate the deal.
Burning Iranian oil tanker sinks in Japanese waters
The Chinese freighter had 21 crew members, all of whom were reported safe. Another crew member had been rescued earlier last week. The cause of the collision remains unclear.
But the Trump administration indicated on Friday that it was losing patience with Iran.
The administration emphasized that Trump also wants to see USA legislation stating that the ballistic missile program is an inseparable part of its nuclear program, and should be treated as the same in terms of American sanctions.
Mohammad Javad Zarif, the Iranian foreign minister, accused Trump of "desperate attempts to undermine a solid multilateral agreement", tweeting on Friday: "JCPOA is not renegotiable: rather than repeating exhausted rhetoric, United States must bring itself into full compliance - just like Iran". The new sanctions come in response to the Iranian government's crackdown of peaceful protests recently. Trump has called the deal "the worst ever".
Mr Trump said USA law must tie long-range missile and nuclear weapons programs together, making any missile testing by Iran subject to "severe sanctions". "It's going to be complicated to save the deal after this", said one European diplomat, speaking on condition of anonymity.
While approving the waiver on US sanctions related to the nuclear deal, Washington announced other sanctions against 14 Iranian entities and people, including judiciary head Ayatollah Sadeq Larijani, a close ally of Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
The United States has also demanded that America's European allies ensure the Islamic Republic never comes close to possessing a nuclear weapon. I think that's the case that President Trump's advisers, Secretary of State Tillerson, Defense Secretary Mattis, his national security adviser, McMaster, I think that's the case they made to the president. The argument for staying in was to allow time to toughen the terms of the agreements.
That decision came despite the United Nations having certified Iran's compliance with the deal eight times.