Unlike the other two bits of the stunning lunar night, this part will only be visible to some parts of the world, since it depends on the alignment of the moon, sun and the Earth.
The next total lunar eclipse of a blue moon is said to occur on 31 December, 2028. Before 2017, there was an 8 percent partial eclipse on December 31, 2009, but, for a total eclipse of a Blue Moon, we have to go all the way back to March 31, 1866.
Please Wait while comments are loading. The eclipse will be partial in the Eastern United States so folks who want to catch it will need to get up in the morning. Secondly, the moon will be a supermoon.
New Year's Day brought us a spectacular wolf full moon, named for the howls of hungry wolves in winter.
A Super Moon is the term used to describe a full moon that occurs when the moon is also near its perigee, or closest point to the Earth in its orbit.
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Mr Petro said: "The supermoons are a great opportunity for people to start looking at the moon, not just that once but every chance they have!" It features twelve of his best astro-photos and a day-by-day listing of cool celestial events that you and your family can enjoy watching all year.
It's not often that you get to say a "super blue blood moon" is coming. If a full moon occurs early enough in a new year, then there is room to fit in a 13th full moon, which means that one of the seasons will get an unusual fourth full moon.
There's still one thing to explain, namely the blood moon denomination.
What is a total lunar eclipse?
In a Blue Moon, the moon doesn't actually appear blue; instead, the name indicates that it is the second full moon in a particular month.
The total eclipse will begin at 8.51pm and end at 10.08pm, while the partial eclipse will end at 11.11pm.
The Moon will lose its brightness and take on an eerie, fainter-than-normal glow from the scant sunlight that makes its way through Earth's atmosphere.