The war commenced on 3 December 1971 and lasting 14 days, the war stripped Pakistan of more than half of its population and almost one-third of its army in captivity. In a joint statement issued by the GoC-in-C and Bangladesh's Minister Engineer Hossain yesterday, it was stated that, both nations are eternally indebted to the valour and courage of the Indian Armed Forces and the Mukti Bahini, who jointly fought and overcame the tyranny and terror unleashed by the Pakistani Forces and gave birth to Bangladesh.
Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan and it used to be referred as East Pakistan.
Afterwards, the war for liberation began, this war was not just for the separation of East Pakistan from the control of West Pakistan, but was a war for identity and self-respect, and to gain their own rights and Independence.
On August 14, 1947, two countries, India and Pakistan got independence from the British rulers.
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Officially three million people were killed during the nine-month-long war in one of the most heinous acts of genocide by Pakistani troops. Bitter feelings among East Pakistanis never ceased to grow, especially with repeated arrivals of military rulers.And this was the first step for the people of East Pakistan to raise their voice against the misdeeds of the government of West Pakistan.
It was the third war between India and Pakistan after 1947 and 1965 war. Pakistan Army surrendered on December 16, 1971.
Lt. General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, the then Eastern Command chief of the Pakistani forces, surrendered unconditionally after conceding defeat India's Lt. The Pakistan tanks were decimated the next morning by the Indian Air Force. In order to make its borders strong, India helped in liberating Bangladesh.
The war was fought for a period of 13 days from December 3 to 16 December 1971.