India on Thursday became a member of the Wassenaar Arrangement, that controls the global trade of conventional weapons and dual-use goods and technologies. This development will burnish India's nonproliferation credentials and broaden its access to sensitive technologies.
In a significant development, elite export control regime Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) has chose to admit India as its new member, which is expected to raise New Delhi's stature in the field of non-proliferation besides helping it acquire critical technologies.
India "will become the Arrangement's 42nd participating state as soon as the necessary procedural arrangements for joining the WA are completed", Wassenaar Arrangement said in a statement. Just $5 a month.
The Wassenaar Arrangement regulates trade in conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies.
Beijing has been maintaining that the NSG should first "explore" through "an open and transparent" process and reach agreement on a "non-discriminatory formula" to deal with the issue of granting membership to countries which have not signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
Though admission requires consensus, the United States' backing for Indian admission into the Arrangement - reaffirmed prominently by the Obama administration - helped New Delhi's case.
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China, however, has been persistently blocking India's move to enter the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), which controls the global trade of atomic technologies and materials.
India is also keen to get the membership of Australian Group, which governs the worldwide trade of materials used to make chemical and biological weapons.
"We want to bring the group back to its roots and make it possible for the group to consider everyone's supporting applications on its merits and this is how it should be done in case of India", he said.
Taking a dig at the United States for not pushing China to remove its objections to India's membership at the NSG as Russian Federation had, Mr. Ryabkov said, "Unlike some other countries that only speak of support, Russian Federation takes actual steps to help and actions speak more than words..."
China is neither the member of the Wassenaar Arrangement nor the MTCR and the Australia Group.
India's membership in the Wassenaar Arrangement partly hinged on a lack of consensus, with Italy having objected to New Delhi's participation until the two countries repaired their bilateral relationship this year following a multiple-year spat over the fate of two Italian marines who killed two Indian fishermen in 2012.