For Republicans, a shutdown would put a humiliating bookend on a year in which they've controlled the White House and Congress with little to show for it. While many Democrats also support bolstering defense, they insist on raising spending on non-defense programs too.
Democrats are also seeking an agreement to extend protections for hundreds of thousands of immigrants who arrived in the US illegally as children.
Those safeguards ended three months ago, but Trump has said he could restore them, according to The Associated Press.
It's also why - despite the government being a Republican majority - Trump is attempting to preemptively blame Democrats if the GOP majority fails to pass a budget (or even a stopgap bill to allow time to pass a larger budget). He said Democrats "want to have illegal immigrants pouring into our country bringing with them crime, tremendous amounts of crime". We want to have a great, beautiful, crime-free country. We want to have a great, lovely crime-free country, ' Trump said during a cabinet meeting.
President Donald Trump escalated the conflict and implied the possibility of a shutdown when he tweeted about Senator Chuck Schumer and Representative Nancy Pelosi last week, accusing them of obstructing a budget in order to push for immigration reform, which he claimed would result in "flooding our Country" with "illegal immigrants".
Trump had been supportive of a legislative solution to the immigrants' plight but says he wants to couple permission for them to stay with a total overhaul of the system. "We hope the President will go into this meeting with an open mind, rather than deciding that an agreement can't be reached beforehand".
Mr. Trump referred to his lunch guests, who included frequent Trump critic Sen.
Lake-effect snow poses tricky commute Wednesday afternoon
Snow showers - and cold temperatures - remain in the forecast through Tuesday, though with lower chances of precipitation. We're expecting one more above average day Tuesday before a blast of cold weather returns for the remainder of the week.
Democrats have opposed his plan to build a wall along the border with Mexico, but have expressed a willingness to fund other border security measures.
The moderated tone reflected a sense within both parties that though major differences remain over spending, immigration, health care and other issues, this was no time for a headline-grabbing government closure.
Trump also referenced his bar on travel into the USA from six Muslim nations, saying, "We don't want to have radical Islamic terrorism in this country".
With the budget chafing under spending caps imposed by a 2011 bipartisan budget deal, Democrats want defense and domestic programs to get equal funding increases.
Earlier Wednesday, hard-right House conservatives signaled an openness to a short-term spending bill this week. In a brief drama, around two dozen of them withheld votes for a procedural measure advancing the GOP's prized, separate tax bill until House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., agreed to talk to them further about their concerns, said Freedom Caucus chairman Mark Meadows, R-N.C. "Any distraction from that is a problem".
Hosting a group of Republican senators at the White House, President Trump said Tuesday that he and the GOP lawmakers are "all on the same page" as Congress races to complete tax-cut legislation before Christmas. If so, it is unclear whether such a bill could clear the Senate, where Democratic votes are necessary to pass most bills.
The roughly 30-member caucus has been trying to win promises from leaders of spending curbs and quick passage of a full-year defense budget in exchange for backing the short-term bill. Republicans control the chamber by 52-48, but need 60 vote for passage of most spending measures. Check back for more updates. "We have to provide funding for community health centers and CHIP, as well as relief for the millions of Americans still reeling from natural disasters".