Among the novels that have made it to the shortlist are Paul Auster's "4321", "History of Wolves" by Emily Fridlund, the much deserving "Exit West" by Pakistani-UK writer Mohsin Hamid, "Elmet" by Fiona Mozley, "Lincoln in the Bardo" by George Saunders and Ali Smith's "Autumn".
Also left out were favourites such as Zadie Smith, Sebastian Barry and Colson Whitehead, whose speculative slavery narrative The Underground Railroad won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction earlier this year. The UK/Pakistani writer Mohsin Hamid, who was previously shortlisted for his novel, The Reluctant Fundamentalist, featured again on the shortlist for his latest novel Exit West, which is a contemporary take on the current refugee crisis.
Fiona Mozley's debut novel Elmet tells the story - through the eyes of a child - of a bare-knuckle fighter bringing up his kids.
Half the authors on the shortlist - including the bookies' favourite to win, George Saunders for Lincoln In The Bardo - are U.S. authors.
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"With six unique and intrepid books that collectively push against the borders of convention, this year's shortlist both acknowledges established authors and introduces new voices to the literary stage".
The panel of judges narrowed down the shortlist to 6 titles from a longlist of 13 that was announced on July 27.
The victor of the Man Booker Prize will be announced on October 17 in London's Guildhall.
American heavyweights Paul Auster and George Saunders are the most known faces in the list. "The emotional, cultural, political and intellectual range of these books is remarkable, and the ways in which they challenge our thinking is a testament to the power of literature".
Saunders's novel is set in a Washington graveyard in 1862, where President Abraham Lincoln visits the body of his 11-year-old son, and is among several innovative works on the shortlist. The previous Man Booker victor was Paul Beatty for The Sellout.