The United Nations says that almost 164,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh over the past two weeks to escape a massive security sweep and alleged atrocities by the country's security forces and Buddhist mobs.
Historians say Rohingya Muslims have lived in Myanmar, also known as Burma, since the 12th century.
A 2015 report by the International State Crime Initiative at the University of London, titled "Countdown to Annihilation: Genocide in Myanmar", concluded that "The Rohingya face the final stages of genocide". Their religion is a Sufi-infused Sunni Islam. Their dialect is distinct to other languages spoken in Rakhine. So far, thousands of Rohingya Muslims including women and children have been killed.
"Yes, they condemn it, issue statements, but what good does it do?"
Their rights to marry, study, travel and have access to health services are restricted.
Dhaka has repeatedly asked Myanmar to take back the Rohingya and address the causes of exodus. Earlier this week, Bangladesh lodged a protest after it said Myanmar had laid landmines near the border between the two countries.
The world's newest Muslim insurgency revealed itself in western Myanmar past year when militants attacked Myanmar police posts. There, horrific violence has been taking place against the minority Muslims, according to reports and eyewitnesses.
More than 160,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar into Bangladesh in the past two weeks.
Saudi Arabia is being implicated in funding a relatively recent militancy allegedly representing Myanmar's Rohingya. Its leader Attaullah Abu Ammar Jununi was born in Pakistan and raised in Saudi Arabia.
"The solution is for Muslim governments to act".
Police said Bangladeshi security forces were on alert for attempts by homegrown Islamist militants to use the atrocities to recruit new fighters.
The law in Myanmar does not recognise the Rohingya ethnic minority as one of its "national races" and they are effectively denied citizenship.
In 2012, they were the target of violent Buddhist mobs that forced more than 140,000 from their homes into squalid camps.
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The problem however is not just the fact that Myanmar does not recognise the basic human rights of Rohingya people. Thousands of Rohingyas have sought to flee the fighting to Bangladesh, with almost 30,000 crossing over.
Accusing Aung San Suu Chi, Myanmar's state councillor of disgracing noble peace prize, Awami Ittehad Party chairperson, and MLA Langate Er Rasheed has ridiculed her claim that Myanmar is facing the same situation what India is facing in Kashmir. But violence against them has dramatically worsened since then.
According to United Nations estimates, up to 300,000 Rohingya could be displaced into neighbouring Bangladesh due to "clearance operations" by the Tatmadaw, Burma's armed forces.
Could the crisis spread beyond Myanmar's borders?
He noted that most authority in Rakhine State lay with the military, which wielded direct power in Myanmar for decades before Suu Kyi's election win. But Islamic State and other Islamic terror groups want to establish a foothold in the region, and that may change.
Witnesses in Myanmar's Rakhine state say entire villages have been burned to the ground since Rohingya militants launched a series of coordinated attacks on August 25, prompting a military-led crackdown.
The top Buddhist leader wrote to Myanmar's de facto civilian leader, a fellow Nobel peace laureate, shortly after new violence erupted in Rakhine last month. The minister's avowed threat to do so notwithstanding, any proposal to deport them would not only be legally untenable and morally indefensible but also politically inexpedient.
The crisis over the security forces' fierce response to a series of Rohingya militant attacks is the biggest problem Suu Kyi has faced since becoming Myanmar's leader previous year.
Why are neighbouring countries so anxious?
The army says it is rooting out "terrorists" among the Muslim population.
The Rohingya, described by the United Nations as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.
She is now facing the much more daunting and urgent tasks of seeking a peaceful resolution of the ethnic conflict in her country and containing the ongoing wave of Rohingya refugees in order to allay discontent and suspicion in neighboring countries, which have taken the brunt of the refugee crisis.