A 32-year-old women died when a auto plowed into a crowd dispersing after police broke up the melee in the city's downtown.
Police said they had the driver of the vehicle in custody, identifying him later Saturday as James Alex Fields Jr., 20, of Ohio.
Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe declared an emergency and halted the rally, while United States President Donald Trump said "many sides" were involved in the incident.
Trump stepped to the podium at his New Jersey golf resort and read a statement on the clashes, pinning the "egregious display of hatred, bigotry and violence on many sides".
Trump was criticized by members of both political parties for not specifying white nationalists in his comments about the violence in Charlottesville.
"This is about an anti-white climate within the Western world and the need for white people to have advocacy like other groups do", he said in an interview.
In addition to the murder charge, Charlottesville authorities said Mr. Fields has also been charged with three counts of malicious wounding, and one count of a hit and run.
"You will not replace us", and "Jew will not replace us" were chanted as an eerie torchlight glow enveloped the campus. "But we can not forget that this is also a symptom of the rhetoric the Trump Administration has supported since the Presidential Election and into the White House, promoting violence, attacking civil rights, and allowing organizations backed by bigots to thrive", the NAN statement reads.
President Donald Trump condemned the violence Saturday afternoon. A vehicle driven by a suspected white nationalist plowed into a crowd in what many people believe was a deliberate act of terrorism against the counter demonstration.
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University of Virginia Medical Centre spokeswoman Angela Taylor confirmed the death, while the mayor of Charlottesville Michael Signer said via Twitter that he is "heartbroken" to announce that a "life has been lost".
Charlottesville has become a flash point for white nationalists and protesters seeking to counter them since a City Council vote in February to remove a statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee from a park formerly called Lee Park but renamed in June as Emancipation Park.
Officials said there is no indication of foul play and that the cause of the crash remains under investigation by state police, the FAA and NTSB.
Although a few cars were held up by the march, police say the demonstration is peaceful and there have been no arrests. "I place the blame for a lot of what you're seeing in American today right at the doorstep of the White House and the people around the president", he said.
Among the white supremacists at Saturday's rally were alt-right leader Richard Spencer and former Ku Klux Klan member David Duke. This has been going on for a long time in our country...
Trump's candidacy excited many white nationalists, who were thrilled to hear Trump mock the Black Lives Matter movement on the campaign trail and declare that "all lives matter".
He said: "I'm not going to make any bones about it".
"You came here today to hurt people, and you did hurt people", the governor said. "Lets come together as one!"
"There is no place for you here, there is no place for you in America", he continued.